Personal Injury Attorneys – In Partnership With Calhoun Meridith

The Safety Features You Should Look for When Purchasing a 18 Wheeler Heavy-Duty Truck

Regarding purchasing a heavy-duty truck, various aspects necessitate contemplation, such as the vehicle’s cost, magnitude, power, fuel efficiency, and capacity. However, safety is among the most critical factors. Heavy-duty trucks are frequently employed for carrying massive and bulky freight, loads that may pose significant safety hazards if the truck lacks the required safety features.

This article will discuss the safety features you should look for when purchasing a heavy-duty truck. We’ll cover everything from braking systems to driver assistance technology and the importance of proper maintenance and inspections. By the end of this article, you will better understand the safety features essential for heavy-duty trucks, and you’ll be better equipped to make an informed decision when choosing a truck for your business or personal use.

Braking Systems

The braking system is one of any vehicle’s most critical safety features, but it’s especially important in heavy-duty trucks. When you’re hauling a long haul with a heavy load, it’s crucial to have a braking system that is powerful and reliable. Here are some important things to consider when looking for a heavy-duty truck with a high-quality braking system:

Braking System Varieties:

Heavy-duty trucks employ two primary braking systems: air brakes and hydraulic brakes. Air brakes are generally utilized in bigger trucks, where compressed air is utilized to engage them. On the other hand, hydraulic brakes rely on fluid to exert pressure on the brake pads. Since each system has its pros and cons, it’s critical to select the one that best meets your requirements.

Anti-Lock Brakes: 

Anti-lock brakes (ABS) are a must-have safety feature in heavy-duty trucks. ABS helps prevent the wheels from locking up during sudden stops or driving on slick surfaces. This feature improves the stability and control of the vehicle, which is especially important when driving a heavy load.

Electronic Stability Control: 

Electronic stability control (ESC) is another safety feature that can help prevent accidents in heavy-duty trucks. ESC uses sensors to detect when the truck is losing traction, and it automatically adjusts the brakes and engine power to help the driver maintain control of the vehicle.

Brake Balance: 

The braking system should be balanced properly to ensure the front and rear brakes work together effectively. This is especially important in heavy-duty trucks, where the front axle weight distribution can be uneven due to the carrying load.

Maintenance and Inspection: 

Proper maintenance and regular inspections are essential to keep the braking system in good working order. Follow the manufacturer’s recommended maintenance schedule and have the brakes inspected regularly by a qualified mechanic.


Visibility is a crucial safety feature often overlooked when purchasing a medium duty trucks. Good visibility can help prevent accidents by allowing the driver to see potential hazards and obstacles on the road. Here are some important visibility features to consider when purchasing a heavy-duty truck:

Windshield Design: 

The truckers windshield should be designed to provide a clear and unobstructed view of the road ahead. Look for the cab of a truck with a large windshield and minimal obstructions, such as wiper blades or mirrors that could block your view.


Mirrors are essential for providing a clear view of the truck’s surroundings. Look for a truck with large side mirrors and a rearview mirror providing a wide field view.


Many newer heavy-duty trucks have cameras that provide a 360-degree view of the truck’s surroundings. This can be especially helpful when backing up or navigating tight spaces.


Good lighting is essential for visibility, especially when driving at night or in low-light conditions. Look for a truck with bright headlights and taillights visible from a distance.

Blind Spot Detection: 

Blind spot detection systems use sensors to detect vehicles in the truck’s blind spots and alert the semi truck driver. This feature can be especially helpful when changing lanes or merging onto the highway.

Window Tinting: 

Window tinting can help reduce glare and improve visibility, especially in bright sunlight. However, it’s important to ensure the tinting is legal and doesn’t obstruct your view.

Driver Assistance Technology

Driver assistance technology has come a long way in recent years, and many of these features are now available in heavy-duty trucks. These features can help prevent accidents and make driving a heavy-duty truck safer and more comfortable. Here are some important driver assistance features to consider when purchasing a heavy-duty truck:

Collision Avoidance Systems: 

Collision avoidance systems use sensors and cameras to detect potential collisions and alert drivers. Some systems can even apply the brakes automatically if a collision is imminent.

Lane Departure Warning: 

Lane departure warning systems use cameras to detect when the truck drifts out of its lane and alert the driver.

Adaptive Cruise Control: 

Adaptive cruise control can adjust the truck or trailer’s speed to maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of it.

Automatic Emergency Braking: 

Automatic emergency braking systems on commercial vehicles can apply the brakes automatically if a collision is imminent, even if the driver doesn’t react in time.

Blind Spot Monitoring: 

Blind spot monitoring systems use sensors to detect vehicles in the car, semi trailer or truck’s blind spots and alert the driver.

Parking Assistance: 

Parking assistance systems can help drivers park in tight spaces by using sensors to detect obstacles and guide cars and the driver into the space.

Seat Belts and Airbags in 18 wheeler truck

When purchasing a heavy-duty truck, safety should be a top priority. As a driver or an owner operator of a truck, you should look for safety features that can keep you and your passengers safe in the event of an accident. Here are some safety features you should look for when purchasing a heavy-duty truck:

Seat Belts : Seat belts are one of any vehicle’s most important safety features, and they are especially crucial in heavy-duty trucks. Ensure the truck you purchase has properly functioning seat belts for all occupants.

Airbags : Airbags are another important safety feature for semi trucks and trailers that can help reduce the risk of serious injury in an accident. Look for a truck with front and side airbags for maximum protection.

Anti-lock Brakes: Anti-lock brakes can help prevent skidding and loss of control, especially when driving at high speeds or on wet or slippery roads. Make sure the truck you are considering has anti-lock brakes installed.

Stability Control : Stability control systems can help prevent rollovers and loss of control, especially when electric truck is carrying heavy loads. Look for a truck with stability control features.

Blind Spot Monitoring : Blind spot monitoring systems can help you avoid collisions with other vehicles by alerting you when a vehicle is in your blind spot. This is especially important in heavy-duty trucks that have large blind spots.

Rearview Cameras : Rearview cameras can help you see what is behind your tractor trailer school bus or truck, making it easier to back big rig up and maneuver in tight spaces.


In conclusion, when purchasing an 18 wheeler heavy-duty truck, it’s crucial to prioritize safety features to prevent accidents and protect yourself and others on the road. Look for features such as advanced braking systems, lane departure warning, adaptive cruise control, blind spot detection, and a sturdy frame to ensure the utmost safety. As a personal injury attorney, I have seen firsthand the devastating consequences of accidents involving commercial trucks, and investing in the right safety features can go a long way in preventing these tragedies. Remember, safety should always be your top priority when operating an 18 wheeler heavy-duty truck.